Old Testament: Cotton & Winthrop’s View

map-of-the-new-world-in-the-1600s

John Cotton’s God’s Promise to His Plantation, in 1630, was a sermon to justify why the Puritans should emigrate to the New World. He preached to them verses from the Old Testament on how he believed they applied to him and the rest of the Puritans before they left for the New World. He wanted them to find a place much like God wanted a place for the people of Israel to call their own.Samuel 7:10 “Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and I will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more.” Although John Cotton wanted the Puritans to leave the battles of England behind, he did not leave with them until three years later. In 1646 Cotton preached about catechism which is a family ritual created for children called, Milk for Babes. This is a summary of principles in the form of questions and answers. Psalm 22:27,30,31 “All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the Lord, and all the kindreds of the Nations shall worship before thee. A seed shall serve him, it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation. They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be borne, that he hath done this.”The Model of Christian Charity was a sermon delivered by John Winthrop in 1630. His approach was more on helping and taking care of one another. He believes that God created people differently from one another, thereby creating a need for each other. He believes that God will take care of those who will help others. The rich should help the poor and the poor should show thanks. He really believed this way of charity would bring people closer together. John Winthrop ended his sermon with a warning to not stray from their faith. 1 Corinthians 13 (full chapter) “Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. …” Cotton and Winthrop had different ideas, both however, based on the Old Testament.

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